ratification of an amendment: approving an addition to the constitution of a state or a nation. In this case, the authors refer to approving an amendment to the United States Constitution which requires approval by three fourths of the states.
suffrage: means the right to vote in political elections. “Suffragists” are people, women or men, who are working for the right of a particular group to have this right. In this article the suffragists are working for “woman suffrage,” which means women’s right to vote.
franchise: the right to vote.
enfranchise: to give the right to vote.
disfranchise: to take away the right to vote.